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All regions in Sweden state that they have a shortage of midwives, doctors with specialist competence, radiology nurses, and specialist nurses. This is shown by the National Board of Health and Welfare’s annual report on the supply and demand for licensed staff in the health care system.

The National Board of Health and Welfare has mapped 22 regulated professions and medical specialties by sending labor market surveys to the regions, certain private care providers, and trade unions and this year also to the country’s municipalities.

– The purpose of the report is to create an overall picture of supply and demand in health care. It is important that we have a long-term and sustainable supply of skills to ensure equal and patient-safe care, says Åsa Olsson, investigator at the National Board of Health and Welfare.
All regions had a shortage of midwives

The Dalarna region was the only region that reported that they had all 22 regulated professions as well as doctors with specialist competence and specialist nurses employed in their operations. More than half of the regions, 14 out of 21, stated that they had shortages in half or more of these occupations.

All regions reported a shortage of midwives, specialist nurses, doctors with specialist competence, and radiology nurses. Other professions that most of the regions had too few of were biomedical analysts, psychologists, nurses and dentists, and dental hygienists.
The main reasons for the shortage of staff were stated to be too few educated people, high competition from other employers and retirements.

Many interacting factors affect the supply and demand for staff. It is about everything from increasing interest in education and motivating students to complete them to dimensioning doctoral and educational places. Competitive employment conditions, the scope for career development, specialization, and research are other factors that contribute to licensed staff staying and wanting to develop within their professions, says Åsa Olsson.

The pattern was recognizable from the private sector. All seven private care providers who responded to the survey stated that they lacked both doctors with specialist competence and specialist nurses.


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